Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Abortion: Navigating a complicated problem through a path of grace

Quite a few states have passed new restrictions on abortion this year, and more are making similar plans. These restrictions include things like a ban on abortion after just six weeks, even if the woman is a victim of rape or incest. There will be court challenges and even the possibility of this issue going to the Supreme Court.

Many would like to see the landmark “Roe v Wade” case of 1973 over-turned. That law states that abortion is legal until a fetus would be viable outside the womb. Many others strongly oppose any law that would restrict abortion rights.

What does The United Methodist Church’s “Social Principles” say about this? It is found in the 2016 Book of Discipline, in paragraph 161.K:

“The beginning of life and the ending of life are the God-given boundaries of human existence. While individuals have always had some degree of control over when they would die, they now have the awesome power to determine when and even whether new individuals will be born. Our belief in the sanctity of unborn human life makes us reluctant to approve of abortion.

Respect sacredness of life and well-being for mother and child

But we are equally bound to respect the sacredness of the life and well-being of the mother and the unborn child. We recognize tragic conflicts of life with life that may justify abortion, and in such cases we support the legal option of abortion under proper medical procedures by certified medical providers. We support parental, guardian or other responsible adult notification and consent before abortions can be performed on girls who have not yet reached the age of legal adulthood. We cannot affirm abortion as an acceptable means of birth control, and we unconditionally reject it as a means of gender selection or eugenics.

We oppose the use of late-term abortion known as dilation and extraction (partial-birth abortion) and call for the end of this practice except when the physical life of the mother is in danger and no other medical procedure is available, or in the case of severe fetal anomalies incompatible with life. This procedure shall be performed only by certified medical providers. Before providing their services, abortion providers should be required to offer women the option of anesthesia.

We call all Christians to a searching and prayerful inquiry into the sorts of conditions that may cause them to consider abortion. We entrust God to provide guidance, wisdom and discernment to those facing an unintended pregnancy.

The Church shall offer ministries to reduce unintended pregnancies. We commit our Church to continue to provide nurturing ministries to those who terminate a pregnancy, to those in the midst of a crisis pregnancy, and to those who give birth.

Is The United Methodist Church pro-life or pro-choice? Yes and yes!

We mourn and are committed to promoting the diminishment of high abortion rates. The Church shall encourage ministries to reduce unintended pregnancies such as comprehensive, age-appropriate sexuality education, advocacy in regard to contraception and support of initiatives that enhance the quality of life for all women and girls around the globe.

Young adult women disproportionately face situations in which they feel that they have no choice due to financial, educational, relational, or other circumstances beyond their control. The Church and its local congregations and campus ministries should be in the forefront of supporting existing ministries and developing new ministries that help such women in their communities. They should also support those crisis pregnancy centers and pregnancy resource centers that compassionately help women explore all options related to an unplanned pregnancy. We particularly encourage the Church, the government, and social service agencies to support and facilitate the option of adoption. We affirm and encourage the Church to assist the ministry of crisis pregnancy centers and pregnancy resource centers that compassionately help women find feasible alternatives to abortion.

Governmental laws and regulations do not provide all the guidance required by the informed Christian conscience. Therefore, a decision concerning abortion should be made only after thoughtful and prayerful consideration by the parties involved, with medical, family, pastoral and other appropriate counsel.”

Instead of legal wrangling, forge connections with real people

So is The United Methodist Church pro-life or pro-choice? Yes and yes! What is written above is a fairly balanced and nuanced statement. United Methodists of goodwill have strong convictions about abortion, and we as a pluralistic church have the freedom to teach what the church teaches and yet have our own opinions.

What I like about our abortion statement is that it is high on relationship building. The best answer to difficult questions is not to write a law or hire a lobbyist or even march in a protest (on either side). The best approach is always deep connections with real people that cuts through all the judgments and “one-size-fits-all” mentality and deals with each situation relationally, prayerfully and in community.

Years ago my husband’s church happened to be next to the office of an abortion clinic. Very often it was the scene of protest marches with people holding signs and giant pictures of bloody aborted fetuses and even someone dressed in a hooded black robe and holding a sickle.

When I would take mail out to the mailbox they would shout at me that I was like a Nazi who watched the Jews being taken to the death camps and ignored the plight of the innocent. I walked over to them one day and engaged in conversation. These were people of deep conviction and a passion for life. I understood their position, and I respect our First Amendment rights to free speech and heart.

I told them that I had been working with a pregnant, single deaf woman in the inner city, who was expecting her 9th child. She was considering an abortion because there was barely enough money to feed the ones left at home, and three of her older children were serving time in prison. I went with her to the doctor’s office and she decided to go ahead with the pregnancy.

Women with crisis pregnancies need spiritual, relational, financial support

I shared with the marchers that she needed financial resources. They promised to help but no one ever called me back. I am sure that many people in the movement do help and this was just an isolated case.

But my point is: supporting women spiritually, relationally and financially with crisis pregnancies and abortion decisions is the important key to this huge, complicated picture. Our faith calls us to “get in the weeds” with the nuances of peoples’ lives and try to weave a path of grace, hope and life for people, one situation at a time.

Pray for our country as we navigate these legal battles over abortion in the months to come. Engage in conversations at church and in the community around these issues. Most importantly, if you really care about this, become relationally involved with real women who are facing crisis pregnancies. Be the hands and feet, the mind and loving heart of Christ, who came to give hope and abundant life.

Friday, May 24, 2019

“It Only Takes a Moment”

“God’s divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of God, who called us to His own glory and excellence, by which God has granted to us His precious and very great promises, so that through them, you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world because of sinful desire.

“For this very reason, make every effort to supplement your faith with virtue, and virtue with knowledge, and knowledge with self-control and self-control with steadfastness, and steadfastness with godliness and godliness with brotherly affection and brotherly affection with love. For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they keep you from being ineffective or unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ."           
2 Peter 1:3-8

Aldersgate Sunday

The Broadway musical “Hello Dolly” is back in New York City, starring Bette Midler as the leading lady. I can actually boast that I saw Carol Channing perform this role in 1968 when I was in high school on a field trip to the United Nations building. Now to see it again 40 years later does make me feel a bit old.

But the signature love song in this musical is “It Only Takes a Moment.” It speaks of romantic love: “It only takes a moment for your eyes to meet, and then your heart knows in a moment you will never be alone again.” The leading lady and man croon together, “It only takes a moment to be loved a whole life long.”

United Methodists believe in moments too: moments of experiencing for the first time God’s wooing grace, moments of conviction of sin and repentance, moments of conversion to faith in Jesus Christ, and one special moment that happened to our founder, John Wesley, at a Bible study on London’s Aldersgate Street nearly three centuries ago. 

John Wesley was raised in the Anglican Church and was a priest and the son of an Anglican priest. But when he was 35 years old he was struggling with his faith.

As the story goes on May 24, 1738, he went reluctantly to a Bible study and prayer meeting on Aldersgate Street in London. Someone read from Martin Luther’s “Preface to the Epistle to the Romans.”

John writes in his diary “About 8:45 PM, while he was describing the change which God works in the heart through faith in Christ, I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone, for salvation and an assurance was given me that He had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death.”

This was Wesley’s defining moment of assurance of salvation and freedom from sin and death. What he experienced was what St. Peter describes as “the precious and great promises of God.”

In this moment he felt the power of the Holy Spirit to preach salvation. From that day on he dedicated his life to proclaiming that good news around England to anyone who would listen. They say he preached as if he were “out of breath in pursuit of souls.”

Eventually, he inspired a movement that found its way to America when Wesley sent his preachers to “spread Scriptural Holiness” across the continent.

United Methodists observe Aldersgate Sunday every year around the 24th day of May. We do this to remind people of the love of God for everyone and that all can be heirs of God’s salvation through Jesus Christ and be blessedly assured of the same.

It is also a time for us to rededicate our lives to not only spreading the gospel but being the loving presence of Jesus Christ out in the world. This is another important thing to know about John Wesley:

He preached conversion but also sanctification: that is the Holy Spirit working on one’s soul to improve one’s character and obedience to God through prayer, study of the scripture, accountability groups, the sacraments, and fasting. He called this personal holiness.

The passage above, from 2 Peter 1:3-8 describes it well. We are to supplement our faith with virtue, knowledge, self-control, steadfastness, godliness, brotherly and sisterly affection, and love. This personal holiness is vitally important because it gives us strength and direction for the works of Christ out in the world.

Wesley calls that “social holiness.” It means being a “sermon in shoes” through sacrificial giving of ourselves to the poor, to minister to those in prisons, to visit the sick, and to speak out on social justice issues for those without a voice.

There are many ways to give yourself away for the love of God’s children. This is the heart of mission. And as we engage in mission, God’s witness increases and we decrease. Mission is the fire and we are merely the candle.

When I was in seminary back in the late 1970’s, there was an early, heavy snow storm. Some seminary students—being seminary students—went out to throw snowballs and make snowmen, rather than study in the library. One of the students, an amazing artist, crafted a snowman that looked exactly like John Wesley. We all commented on this incredible work of art.

A few days later, when the autumn sun returned, the snowman had melted some, and there appeared a sign on the sculpture: “My heart was strangely warmed.” (quoting of course John Wesley’s experience of assurance of salvation at Aldersgate).

We all had a good laugh. But truly, as we engage in heart-warming mission, we give ourselves away—or melt away, as it were—so that we are not important any more. It is the work of ministry that is most important. We give ourselves away out of love for Christ.

Aldersgate Day can be everyday as we remember the love of God poured out for all of us in abundance. It only takes a moment to realize that we are loved a whole life long.

Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Hurricane relief donation to Puerto Rico surpasses goal

By Bishop Peggy A. Johnson

Clergy of the Philadelphia Episcopal Area (Peninsula-Delaware and Eastern Pennsylvania conferences) held their annual “Lenten Day Apart” with me at the Aldersgate UMC in Wilmington, Del., on March 4, 2019. There was a major presentation by Bishop Hector Ortiz, head of the Methodist Church of Puerto Rico.

Bishop Ortiz described the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria in September 2017 and the subsequent recovery work. Volunteers in Mission (VIM) teams from all over the world, including our area, have come to the island and given thousands of hours of service and many dollars toward this effort.

The Philadelphia Area has also participated in the recovery by donating through the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR). UMCOR’S funds primarily aid in relief projects among the affected communities but not in the repair of church buildings. Yet, some have donated to help restore and rebuild the many damaged Methodist churches as well.

As we prepared for the “Lenten Day Apart,” the Mid-Atlantic United Methodist Foundation (MAUMF) generously offered a challenge grant of $10,000 toward the recovery work in Puerto Rico. Pastors were asked to take a special offering and bring their donations to the March 4 event. They responded faithfully.

Peninsula Delaware clergy and churches contributed $11,613.50; and Eastern PA clergy and churches gave $10,417. The Mid-Atlantic Foundation added $10,000, bringing our total giving to a generous $32,030.50.

When Bishop Ortiz heard the news, he wrote to us the following response:

“Grace and peace to you and the brothers and sisters of the Eastern PA and the Peninsula-Delaware Conferences. Your commitment to being with us by means of VIM groups, offerings and prayers are proof of God’s greatness and the sensitive hearts of our brothers and sisters in your conferences. Receive our thanks in the name of the people of our island and the Methodist Church of Puerto Rico. We are looking forward to receiving the next team this coming June.”

The Eastern PA Conference will send its third VIM team to Puerto Rico June 15. They will be led by the Rev. Nicholas Camacho, an elder in our conference and a native of Puerto Rico. He led our first VIM team there in November 2018 and delivered to church leaders there a second gift from our many relief offerings, a total of $96,105. (Read about that team’s gifts and labors in “First Conference VIM team brings hope to Puerto Rico.”)

A second Eastern PA Conference VIM team, also composed of clergy and laity from various churches, traveled there to work in March. (Read “More Eastern PA VIM teams headed to Puerto Rico in 2019.”)

In June, Camacho will personally deliver to the bishop a check for these new funds from our two conferences, and those funds will be used to continue the work of reconstructing a badly damaged home. Because of FEMA restrictions, the owners of this home, and many others, did not qualify for federal assistance. They are very grateful for our help.

Thanks to all who have prayed and worked so hard to raise this much-needed money. And thanks to the Mid-Atlantic Foundation for its generous donation of the challenge grant. We are doing the work of God and being Christ’s hands and feet in mission where we are needed most.

Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Murder in the Heart

By Bishop Peggy Johnson
It seems that the world has gone crazy with a series of hate-related mass murders recently.  In New Zealand, Muslims were killed while worshiping. Then there were bombings in Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday, where many Christians were murdered and wounded.  And now we grieve a shooting in a Jewish synagogue near San Diego, Calif.  These senseless atrocities have become a constant, tragic reality in our troubled world.
Christians need to acknowledge the persecution of the church that is a part of that sobering reality. There are more Christian martyrs and people incarcerated for their Christian beliefs than ever before in the history of our world.  According to some researchers, one in 12 Christians live where their faith is “illegal, forbidden or punished” (2018 World Watch List from Open Doors). That comes to about 215 million Christians facing persecution.
It is not limited to Christians of course: Muslims, Jews, and religious sects of all kinds face persecution and death, depending on where they happen to live, including people in the United States. Humans are killing and harming each other for sectarian religious reasons, for racial bigotry reasons, for reasons of fear, for reasons of ignorance in an endless wave of malice and misery.

Response after response after response

We decry this!  We are jarred into responsive action with every horrible news account and the details that emerge.  Sometimes, some of us even become numb because it is so overwhelming.
We engage in sending help for the victim’s families, rebuilding damaged houses of worship, launching street protests, going to Congress to testify, and calling for more restrictive gun laws. We organize talks about racism and building healthy relationships with the “other.”  We teach and preach about inclusivity and tolerance.
We have candlelight vigils and calls to prayers and calls to action. We encourage people to speak out and write to lawmakers. We do, do, do all of this, at least for a while; and sometimes it all gets too hard and overwhelming, and the passion dissipates. Then there is the next explosion, the next shooting, the next suicide bomber; and it starts all over again.  What can stop this endless cycle of evil and violent inhumanity?

Anger in our hearts is tantamount to murder

An important answer is right here in The Book, the Word of God, found in the “Sermon on the Mount,” what I lovingly refer to as “Jesus’ Greatest Hits.”  The Gospel says in Matthew 5:21-24,
“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’  But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment: whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.  So if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.”
Jesus is meddling here, getting personal. That is why he is so hard to hear. It is not the mass murderers “out there” that he is admonishing. He is talking about us, with all of our interpersonal rubs and “sides” and strife and jealousies and bigotries and impatience and selfishness!
Jesus is saying that anger in our hearts against our brothers and sisters is the same as committing murder. The seeds of anger bloom into murder. It all begins in the heart, in our hearts. Every one of us has been guilty of anger against our fellow humans. Every one of us has at some time spoken disparagingly about someone with whom we disagree.”

If we really want to do something about the violence and evil in the world, if we really believe in doing what the Word of God says, we need to work on ourselves first. Go to the lawmaker of your soul and ask God to ferret out the places where you are holding hatred. Go write a letter to yourself about why you don’t like this person or that group.  Hold a candlelight vigil in your prayer closet and ask God to help you devise a plan to build bridges of understanding and respect instead of erecting walls of schism and hatred.  Confront your personal demons with confession and repentance.
Then go out and make peace with the people with whom you are in disagreement.  There is a lot of demonizing going on in this world and in The United Methodist Church.  Take personal responsibility to understand, respect and speak kindly to your opponents. As the familiar hymn admonishes us: “Let there be peace on earth and let it begin with me!”
If you do these things, the words of Isaiah 58:8 and 12b will come to pass “Then shall your light break forth like the dawn, and your healing shall spring up speedily; your righteousness shall go before you, the glory of the Lord shall be your real guard….You shall be called the repairers of the breach.”

Thursday, April 11, 2019

For Holy Week: The Cross of Christ

In a recent post from Scripture Union’s “Daily Encounter,” the death of Christ on the cross was described this way: “The cross will not be the brutal victory of Jesus’ enemies in a fatal power game, but rather an offering for others. God’s power exceeds death.” ("The One Who Chose to Die" posted April 10, 2019).

It seems to me that people who look upon the cross have these two choices always before them. The world, with its obsession with power, sees Jesus’ death as a tragic loss for a martyr who was on the wrong side of a religious argument. However, the eyes of faith see it as God’s offering of love for the whole suffering world, so that all may be forgiven, and all might experience the “come alongside” grace of God.

I trust that we in the household of faith view the cross with those eyes. This is the thing that United Methodists can agree on! Jesus died for all, and the offering of forgiveness goes on and on. Sharing that passion and resurrection Good News is the point of church in the first place.

However, the pull of the “world” on us is strong. Our human desire to “win,” to beat our enemies, to be “right” sometimes screams louder than the call of Christ to “take up our cross” in humble submission and service.

Christianity is a call to “downward mobility,” humility, love of enemies and sacrifice. The world can look at that as pure insanity and as being a “loser.” The true church has always been counter-cultural that way.

During Holy Week, to truly observe a blessed Good Friday is to commit ourselves once again to:

- the mystery of God dying for his creation;
- the irony of death being the way to true life; and
- the paradox of poverty being the way to true riches.

We follow in the footsteps of one who gave his all, out of love for us. This is expressed so well in this simple hymn: “My Master was So Very Poor” by Harry Lee ( It is a call to us to do the same, to express our humble, selfless love for one another.

     My Master was so very poor, a manger was His cradling place.
     So very rich my Master was, Kings came from far to
gain His grace.
     My Master was so very poor and with the poor He broke the bread.
     So very rich my Master was that multitudes by him were fed.
     My Master was so very poor, they nailed Him naked to a cross.
     So very rich my Master was He gave His all and knew no loss.

Thursday, March 21, 2019

Women’s History Month
Frances Willard, a Methodist Pioneer

At the 2019 session of General Conference in St. Louis, Mo., there were quite a few women delegates. That is a far cry from the experience that our foremother, Frances Willard, had in 1888 when she was elected by the Rock River Conference to be a lay delegate.  She arrived at that General Conference and was turned away because women were not permitted to be seated there.
Frances Willard (1839-1898) was a tireless advocate for women’s suffrage, Prohibition, fair labor laws and raising the age of consent for marriage for women.  She also worked to improve the participation of women in the Methodist Church of her day.  She wrote to Mrs. Dwight L. Moody (Emma Revell Moody) the following letter:
All my life I have been devoted to the advancement of women in education and opportunity.  I firmly believe God has a work for them to do as evangelists and as bearers of Christ’s message to the ungospeled, to the prayer meeting, to the church generally and the world at large, such as most people have not dreamt of.  It is therefore my dearest wish to help break down the barriers of prejudice that keep them silent.” (September 5, 1887).
Willard put aside a promising career in the field of education to devote her time solely to social justice causes.  She lobbied, petitioned, preached, published and taught wherever she could.  She never lived to see the 18th amendment (Prohibition), or the 19th amendment (Suffrage), or women finally being seated at General Conference. But her tireless efforts paved the way for these things to be accomplished.
The spirit of Frances Willard lives on today as women strive on to make equality and empowerment their task for the good of the ministry of the church. There is still work to be done, new trails to be blazed.  
The membership of The United Methodist Church worldwide consists of 60 percent women. Yet, the seated delegation of General Conference 2019 had only 36 percent women.  
There are many talented women in our church who can be raised up to new areas of leadership and participation. During Women’s History Month, let’s pledge to make new history and elect a more balanced number of men and women in our delegations for 2020.

Friday, March 1, 2019

The Arch of Justice

According to the Visitor’s Center at the “St. Louis Arch” National Park, this city has always been “the gateway to the west.”  The earliest major trails that settlers used to travel to points west went through St. Louis, Missouri. 
This “Show-Me State” metropolis is also known for some strategic and historic court cases during the 19th century.  One was the case of Dred Scott (1799-1858), a slave who petitioned the court for his freedom in 1847.  
Scott won his freedom, only to face numerous appeals trials that eventually landed in the U.S. Supreme Court.  The justices ruled that slaves were “property” and had no right to file lawsuits in courts. 
Scott and his wife Harriet were sent back into bondage. But in the years that followed, they returned to that same courthouse and were finally emancipated in 1857.
Another historic case in St. Louis dealt with the issue of women’s suffrage. Virginia Minor (1824-1894) sued the state in 1874 for the right to vote according to the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. She was denied, and her petition also ended up at the Supreme Court, where the decision of the lower courts was upheld.  
Sadly, Minor never lived to see the passage of the 19th Amendment that finally gave women the right to vote in 1920.  However, her valiant efforts were part of the movement that eventually gave equal rights to women at the voting polls.  
The General Conference of The United Methodist Church met in St. Louis February 23-26 for an historic special, called session. The order of business was to decide whether to retain or remove two of the denomination’s bans: one on hosting or officiating at same-gender weddings; and the other on ordaining self-avowed, practicing homosexual clergy.  
For two and a half years a carefully chosen, inclusive group of 32 United Methodists from all over the globe gathered nine times to find A Way Forward for the church. They finally presented three possible plans for consideration: the One Church Plan, the Connectional Church Plan and the Traditional Plan.
The Council of Bishops overwhelmingly supported the One Church Plan. However, the decision was in the hands of the 833 voting delegates to this worldwide assembly.
Their gathering began with a spirited day of prayer, then a day of legislative committee work and finally a day of plenary voting. The voting process was confusing, to say the least, with many amendments and points of order and rulings from the denomination’s top court, the Judicial Council.
In the end, the international body of conservative, moderate and progressive members voted by a narrow margin to support the Traditional Plan. This plan maintains our current policy that does not allow people who are self-avowed, practicing homosexuals to be ordained ministers and does not permit our pastors to perform, nor our churches to host, same-gender weddings or holy unions.  
Some enforcements to the church’s current Book of Discipline were also added in this plan. The full Traditional Plan is now in the hands of the Judicial Council to be vetted for constitutionality.  
Some petitions have already been ruled as unconstitutional, but time and the tedium of Parliamentary Procedure did not allow for much correction. The Judicial Council will rule on which parts remain valid at their April 23-25 meeting.
There is deep disappointment and hurt in the LGBTQIA+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex, Asexual+) community and among their family, friends and supporters at this time.
Hundreds of people came to St. Louis to advocate for the One Church Plan. It would have removed the restrictive language in the Book of Discipline and allowed pastors, churches, Boards of Ordained Ministry and Annual Conferences to act out of their conscience on these matters.  
In addition, over 15,000 young adult United Methodists signed a petition imploring the church to begin to open the doors to the LGBTQIA+ community. I encourage you to remember them in your prayers and reach out to offer them comfort, conversation and encouragement.
After General Conference ended, I looked up and saw the Arch, this huge stainless-steel tourist attraction, built in 1965, that reminds us about our history of western expansion. St. Louis’ slogan is “Still Moving On.” Likewise, the church is still moving on in mission and ministry for Jesus Christ. Nothing can stop the church from evangelizing and doing the work of Christ.  People of goodwill who believe differently about the important issues voted on at General Conference are and should be “still moving on” together to reach and help heal a hurting, broken world.  We still have a “charge to keep and a God to glorify!”
St. Louis’ Old Courthouse, the scene of historic legal battles against oppression and for civil rights, is now a museum located fittingly next to the Gateway Arch. The two should inspire in us another message for those whose hearts are grieving at this time. The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. once famously said, “The Arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.”  
The gleaming St. Louis Arch also bends toward justice. Dred and Harriet Scott were eventually a freed from slavery. Women finally got the right to vote.  Some important, lasting moments in history happened right there in this gateway city.
Here and now, during our winter of discontent, something important and lasting happened in The United Methodist Church as well.  We will never be the same. 
I believe with all my heart that eventually The United Methodist Church will become a welcoming and affirming denomination in ministry with the LGBTQIA+ community. Like the arc of justice, the wait is long, and the struggle can last a long, long time.
Habakkuk 2:3 says “For still the vision awaits its appointed time; it hastens to the end, it will not lie.  If it seems slow, wait for it, it will surely come, it will not delay.” 
The temptation for many is to give up. But I implore the church to continue the work of relationship-building and holy conversation and fervent prayer, until there is a new day. Then the consciences of all will be respected and the lives of all will be welcomed as no longer strangers in God’s household.

Thursday, February 14, 2019

Black History Month Reflection: Tale of Two Postal Workers

On a recent broadcast of “Travel with Rick Steves” (NPR – January 12, 2019) this travel expert interviewed Calvin Alexander Ramsey, who authored a children’s book titled Ruth and the Green Book.  This book explained how African Americans during the time of Jim Crow laws had to depend on a certain guidebook, The Negro Motorist Green Book, to locate restaurants, hotels, stores, gas stations and other services accessible and willing to serve them during their travels on the road.

The Green Book was compiled by Victor Hugo Green, a U.S. postal worker in Bergen County, N.J.  Through his contacts with other postal workers around the country he was able to compile a nationwide directory.  It was published from 1936 to 1966.

According to Ramsey’s radio interview, the distribution of this guidebook was largely supported by the Standard Oil Company and Esso Gas stations, built and owned by John D. Rockefeller, the oil industry magnate. He had connections with the Spelman family of Ohio through his wife, Laura. Her father, the Rev. Harvey Spelman, was an abolitionist instrumental in operating an Underground Railroad stop in the mid-19th century. 

Howard Olver,
Bishop Peggy Johnson’s father
I ponder the life of two postal workers during Black History Month 2019. One of them was my father, who worked for a Post Office in Baltimore, Md., for 30 years.  

I was raised in a typical middle-class, white family during the post WWII, “Baby Boomer” generation.  We went on family vacations in the South every summer, traveling with ease. We always stayed at Howard Johnson motels and ate at Howard Johnson restaurants, and we would be sure to stop at Stuckey’s convenience stores and get pecan roll candy along the way. 

Never once were we denied a hotel room or service at a restaurant. Of course, that was because we were white.  I never thought about this growing up. Never. I just did not see African American people; and I wonder now why I never wondered why.  This is the epitome of white privilege; and I see it now for what it was… and still is.

The other postal worker was Victor Hugo Green (right), whose African American family couldn’t just waltz into the Howard Johnson motel and rent a room.  His family had to pack a lot of unperishable food in their cars when on vacation because they never knew where they would be allowed to buy food on the road.  Sometimes they even had to put an additional can of gasoline in their trunk in case they could not find a gas station that would let them buy fuel.

Green did something about this racist inequity by publishing his practical and life-saving list of accessible services.  How sad that this had to be done and that white society thought that segregation was OK, or like me, never even questioned it. How sad that many in white society missed out on the chance to learn and grow from associating with people from the African American community.  Segregation deprives everyone—everyone—in profound and for some, very painful, ways.

In truth, there is much less racial segregation and discrimination in this country; but we still have a long way to go to eradicate this heinous sin. It starts with white people like me learning everything we can about our history and how an unjust legal system can create and perpetuate racism and classism.

White people have a key role to play in acknowledging that there is something wrong and naming it, especially when everyone in power is white and only white voices are heard around a decision-making table.  White people, like the Spelman family, can give means and influence to even the playing field. 

John D. Rockefeller

Later, John D. Rockefeller went on to give a large bequest to an African American women’s college. It was renamed Spelman College, in honor of his wife and her family’s commitment to racial equity.  

Finally, white people like me need to seek more meaningful and honest, personal relationships with people of color.  As people build relationships and alliances, all of us benefit. Our church, our society and our world will achieve heights of excellence and maturity that we have never before attained.  In doing so, we will get a glimpse of God’s Kingdom—and “kin-dom”—on earth, as God intended it to be.

Wednesday, February 13, 2019

The International Year of Indigenous Languages

The United Nations has declared that 2019 is the “International Year of Indigenous Languages.” (Check it out on  Studies have shown the following statistics: There are 7,000 languages spoken worldwide (among 5,000 indigenous cultures), 370 million indigenous people in the world, 90 countries with indigenous communities, and a whopping 2,680 languages that are in danger of extinction. 

Why is this important?  According to the U.N.,“Languages play a crucial role in the daily lives of people, not only as a tool for communication, education, social integration and development, but also as a repository for each person’s unique identity, cultural history, traditions and memory.  But despite their immense value, languages around the world continue to disappear at an alarming rate.” 
Furthermore, the United Nations suggests that “awareness and respect for indigenous languages builds sustainable development, peace, reconciliation, and it is a fundamental human right.”  

Christians surely need to take notice if we profess that we are called to “do justice, love kindness and walk humbly before God.” (Micah 6:8)
As the former pastor of a congregation that used American Sign Language as its primary means of communication, I learned quickly the power of language for an individual’s ability to grow personally and professionally.  The “majority” hearing world largely had the upper hand in decision-making settings. The sign-language-user was often forced to accommodate and take a lesser role in leadership and influence.

The same is true for indigenous people and their languages. There is an inequity issue whenever the majority culture uses its language power to control the minority when it comes to the distribution of benefits and opportunities. “English-only” initiatives are oppressive because they tilt power toward the majority and create a “them” and “us” dynamic. This minimizes the giftedness of all people and negates their unique and empowering languages.
The United Methodist Church’s Social Principles speaks loud and clear about social justice (Paragraph 162 2016 Book of Discipline “The Social Community”).   “We affirm all persons as equally valuable in the sight of God…” it states. “We support the basic rights of all persons to equal access to housing, education, communication, employment, medical care, legal redress for grievances, and physical protection.”     
As the people called Methodist, we should learn about these precious language issues that are a source of empowerment and equality for our sisters and brothers.  Around the United States Native American tribes are teaching their indigenous languages with faithfulness. They yearn for support and affirmation. 

Brett Jackson, a young adult Nanticoke Tribal leader writes: “Tribal language is important to me because it connects me to my ancestors, it teaches me their values and perception of the world, and continuing to use the language is essential to further teach my culture.”  
Kesha Braunskill from the Lenape tribe added: “I feel that tribal language is our link to preserving our culture. It’s as important as the responsibility to pass on knowledge and traditions to each generation.  Language is a part of it all.” 
More information about this can be found on the “Indigenous Language Caucus” website:
Make it your aim to learn a new language this year, maybe an indigenous tribal language, and with it would come a whole new world of culture and community that you have never known before.  Here are a few Native American words for starters:
From the Lenape Tribe of Delaware (permission given by tribal leader Theo Braunskill):
    “A’ho” means “Hello” 
    “Wanishi” means “Thank you”    
From the Nanticoke Tribe of Delaware (permission given by tribal leader Mike Harmon):
    “Gichtishi Manito” means “God or Great Spirit”
    “Eweenetu” means “Peace”
From “Eastern Cherokee Heritage” (permission given by RagghiRain Calentine, chair of the Peninsula Delaware Conference’s Committee on Native CONAM):
    “Osiyo” means “Hello”
    “Oginalli” means “My Friend”
    “Ama” means “Water”
Listen to the beauty of the Cherokee language set to music by logging onto:   This is a translation of the hymn: “There’s Just Something About That Name.” 
RagghiRain Calentine is hopeful. “The Cherokee words are passed on from generation to generation.  Our Native tongue isn’t going to be forgotten or lost. Our ‘Mother Tongue’ is waiting for each one of us to speak our own unique language. This is a gift from the “One and Only.”